Issue No. 925 - 11/Rabei-1/1432 AH
Corresponding to February 2815 2011 AD
* Mihrab Platform:
The Prophetic Moral Character
The Prophetic Moral Character
(And indeed, you are of a great moral character)
The main axes of the subject:
- A collector of noble deeds
- Samples of the great moral character
We will shed the light on the prophetic morals to present it as a paradigm.
Exporting the Subject:
“And indeed, you are of a great moral character”1
The noble verse abbreviates all commendations on the great morals of the greater messenger (s.a.a.w.), which were inspired by his sender and creator.
The Quran was his moral standard:
A large number of narrations corroborated the substance of this verse, when he with his moral behavior reflected the Noble Quran and materialized his own straight moral conduct. One narration reads in details that he (s.a.a.w.) was quoted as saying: “My lord has taught me good manners and well he taught me.”2
One of his wives was once asked to describe his morals, she said: “The Quran was his moral standard.”
He collected the noble deeds.
He (s.a.a.w.) collected the culture and morals by their extremities toward perfection. For instance, Isaac Bin Jaafar quoted his brother Imam Moussa al Kazim who quoted his ancestors who quoted Imam Ali (a.s.) as saying: “I heard Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) saying: “I was sent with noble deeds and their advantages.”3
Imam al Rida (a.s.), quoting his ancestors (a.s.), was quoted as saying: Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) said: “Adhere to the noble deeds, with which Allah has sent me. Noble deeds necessitate that man forgive those who wronged him, preserve family ties, and visit those who do not visit him.”4
There is another Hadith from Imam al Sadiq (a.s.), he said: “Allah (The Exalted) specialized his messenger with the noble deeds. Therefore, test yourselves to see if you have it in you. If you do, thank Allah (The Exalted) and beseech him for more. And the prophet (s.a.a.w.) numbered them as ten qualities: ‘Certainty, conviction, patience, thankfulness, prudence, good moral conduct, generosity, sense of honor, courage, and magnanimity.”5
It goes without saying that these noble deeds and qualities were the behaviors, attitudes, treatments, and conducts that mirrored his actions. They were not mere words, lectures and advice that were repeated by him.
Here we will count a number of the testimonies of the infallible imams (a.s.) and some of the narrations of his companions:
1- Regarding his asceticism:
Quoting his ancestors (a.s.), Imam al Rida (a.s.) was quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) said: An angel visited me and said: O Muhammad, your lord salutes you and says: If you wish it, you can transform the savanna of Makkah into gold! He (s.a.a.w.) – The imam said – looked up into the sky and said: O lord, when I am satisfied I thank thee, and when I am hungry I beseech you.”6
Imam al Baqir (a.s.) was quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) inherited neither a dinar nor a drachma or a slave or a product or a sheep or a horse. When he (s.a.a.w.) passed away his armor was mortgaged at one of the Medina Jews for twenty measures of barley, which he took as a lawn to feed his children.”7
The prophet (s.a.a.w.) was quoted as saying: “The example of this world and I is nothing but like a rider who travelled on a hot day, sought shade under a tree for one hour, after which he departed it.”8
Regarding his modesty:
- Abu Zar (a.h.m.s.) was quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) would sit among his companions, then a stranger would arrive with a question without guessing his identity. Therefore, we asked the prophet (s.a.a.w.) to take a particular seat so that the stranger can recognize him when he arrives. Therefore, we built a seat from clay on which he sat while we sat on his sides.”9
- Also Imam Abu Abdullah al Sadiq (a.s.) was quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) would eat like a servant, sit like a servant, while he knows he was a servant.”10
- He (a.s.) was also quoted as saying: “A bad woman passed by the prophet (s.a.a.w.) as he ate while sitting on the ground; she said: O Muhammad, I swear in God that you eat like a servant and you sit like one! The prophet (s.a.a.w.) said to her: Woe unto you, which servant serves better than I do?”11
3- Regarding his Bashfulness:
- Abu Said al Khidri was quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) was more bashful than a virgin in her privacy. Each time he hated something, we could see it in his face.”12
- He was also quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) was a shy person who would give anything if asked.”13
4- Regarding his mercy:
Allah (The Exalted) said: “Now hath come unto you an Apostle from amongst yourselves: it grieves him that ye should perish: ardently anxious is he over you: to the Believers is He most kind and merciful.”14
- Anas bin Malik said: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) would ask about a man of his brethren if missed for three days. If he was far away he would pray for him. If he was present he would visit him. And if he was sick he would call him.”15
5- Regarding his patience:
The prophet (s.a.a.w.) was quoted as saying: “No one has ever been hurt in the way of Allah like I was. I spent thirty days and nights, while neither I nor Bilal had anything to eat except something which Bilal's armpit could hide.”16
- Ismail Bin Ayyash was quoted as saying: “Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.) was the most patient towards the sinful people.”17
- Imam al Baqir (a.s.) was quoted as saying to Muhammad bin Muslim: “O Muhammad, perhaps you think he meant the prophet (s.a.a.w.) – That he would satisfy himself with bread for three consecutive days—from the day Allah sent him until the day when he took his soul? The Imam murmured to say afterwards: No I swear in Allah; he was never satisfied from bread for three consecutive days—from the day Allah sent him until the day when he took his soul. I am not saying that he did not find food. In fact, he used to entrust one man with a hundred camels. If he wanted to eat he could have.”18
- Regarding his courage:
Imam Ali (a.s.) said: “I could see myself during the Badr battle as we all sought protection with the prophet (s.a.a.w.), though he was the nearest to the enemy. On that day, he was the most courageous of the people.”19
He (a.s.) was also quoted as saying: “We, when courage diminished and the enemy stood ahead, sought protection with Allah’s messenger (s.a.a.w.), though none of us was nearer to the enemy than him.”20
Ibn Shahr Ashoub described beautifully the morals of the prophet (s.a.a.w.) and his qualities when he said:
“The prophet (s.a.a.w.), prior to his mission, was famed for twenty of the qualities that the prophets had in them. Any person with only one of these qualities would be revered. Therefore, what would be in the case of someone who had them all in him? The prophet was trustee, honest, smart, original, noble, capable, eloquent, advisor, wise, and a man of favor, worshiper, ascetic, generous, courageous, content, humble, meek, lenient, ardent, patient, lenient, and friendly. He mixed with neither a diviner nor a foreteller or a predictor.”21
1- Holy Quran: Surat al Qalam No. 68, verse 4.
2- Bihar al Anwar, by al Majlisi, Vol. 16, P. 210.
3- A’mali al Tousi, Vol. 2. Fiq’h al Rida, P. 353.
4- A’mali al Tousi, Vol. 2, P. 92.
5- Al Kafi, by al Kulaini, Vol. 2, P. 56. Man La Yahdoroho al Faqih, by sheikh al Saddouq, Vol.3, P. 544.
6- Oyoun Akhbar al Rida, P. 199.
7- Qurb al Esnad, by al Humairi, P. 91, H. 304.
8- Makarim al Akhlaq, by al Tabarsi, Vol. 1, P. 64-64.
9- Makarim al Akhlaq, Vol. 1, P. 48, H. 8.
10- Mahasin al Barqi, P. 456.
11- Al Mahasin, H. 1759.
12- Al Tabaqat al Kubra, by Ibn Sa’ad, Vol. 1, P. 368.
13- Makarim al Akhlaq, Vol. 1, P. 50, H. 15.
14- Surat al Tawbah (the repentance): verse 128.
15- Makarim al Akhlaq, Vol. 1, P. 55, P. 34.
16- Kanz al Ummal, H. 16682.
17- Al Tabaqat al Kubra, Vol. 1, P. 378.
18- Al Kafi, Vol. 8, P. 130, H. 10.
19- Makarim al Akhlaq, Vol. 1, P. 53, H. 25.
20- Kanz al Ummal, by al Muttaqi al Hindi, H. 36453.
21- Al Manaqib, by Ibn Shahr Ashoub, Vol. 1, P. 123.